Clark, Franklin Chase, M.D.
- (1847–1915)Husband of HPL’s elder aunt Lillian Delora Phillips Clark. He attended high school in Warren, R.I., and received an A.B. from Brown University (1869). He studied literature and attended special classes given by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., and received a medical degree from the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City (1872). Returning to Providence as an intern at Rhode Island Hospital, Clark served as surgeon in the outpatient department (1876–83). He conducted a private medical practice from 1872 to 1915 and also served as physician for Providence Dispensary and for the Home for Aged Women (1883–84) and as acting police surgeon for the City of Providence (1896). He was a prolific writer of articles on medicine, natural history, and genealogy; collections of his magazine articles and of his manuscripts are held in the University Archives at Brown. He married Lillian Delora Phillips on April 10, 1902; they had no children. In 1904, with HPL’s father and grandfather both dead, Clark became the leading male adult figure in HPL’s life; HPL testifies that his early prose and verse were much improved by Clark’s assistance (see SL1.38). Clark died on April 16, 1915, of cerebral hemorrhage and chronic Bright’s disease; HPL wrote a poetic tribute, “An Elegy on Franklin Chase Clark, M.D.” ([Providence] Evening News,April 29, 1915).♦ Dr. Elihu Whipple in “The Shunned House” (1924), Dr. George Gammell Angell in “The Call of Cthulhu” (1926), and Dr. Marinus Bicknell Willett in The Case of Charles Dexter Ward (1927) are probably based in part on Clark; perhaps also Dr. Henry Armitage in “The Dunwich Horror” (1928) and Dr. Nathaniel Wingate Peaslee in “The Shadow out of Time” (1934–35).
An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia. S.T. Joshi, David E. Schultz.
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