Jackson, Winifred Virginia
- (1876–1959)Amateur poet living in the Boston area and friend of HPL. HPL was extensively involved with Jackson in amateur journalism during the period 1918–21. He wrote a brief biographical sketch of her, “Winifred Virginia Jordan: Associate Editor” ( Silver Clarion,April 1919; as by “El Imparcial”), followed by a lengthy critical analysis, “Winifred Virginia Jackson: A ‘Different’ Poetess” ( United Amateur, March 1921); he published several of her poems in his amateur journal, The Conservative;he contributed a poem on Jonathan E.Hoag to her amateur journal, Eurus(February 1918); he served as Official Critic for another journal edited by Jackson, The Bonnet,for whose only known issue (June 1919) he contributed a poem (“Helene Hoffman Cole: 1893–1919: The Club’s Tribute”) and an unsigned editorial (“Trimmings”); he joined her in editing The United Co-operative,three issues of which were published (December 1918, June 1919, April 1921). On a more personal level, he wrote a poem to her (“On Receiving a Portraiture of Mrs. Berkeley, ye Poetess”) on Christmas Day 1920, after receiving her photograph; the title refers to the pseudonym (Elizabeth Berkeley) under which she widely appeared in the amateur press. The poem was evidently not published at the time. By this time HPL had collaborated with her on a story, “The Green Meadow,” based upon a dream by Jackson; later, probably in 1921, they collaborated on “The Crawling Chaos”; both were published as by “Elizabeth Berkeley and Lewis Theobald, Jun.”Their relations may have been somewhat more personal. According to research by George T.Wetzel and R.Alain Everts, HPL and Jackson were widely regarded in amateur circles as being romantically involved. Evidence for this assertion is somewhat indirect, the strongest coming from HPL’s wife Sonia, who purportedly stated, “I stole HPL away from Winifred Jackson.” There is also a photograph of HPL and Jackson at the seaside (probably in Massachusetts). But since HPL stated to Sonia in the summer of 1922 that he had not been kissed since he was a boy, the “romance” must have been somewhat lacking in passion. Also, Wetzel and Everts claim that Jackson married an African American, Horace Jackson, in 1915 (hence her appearance in earlier amateur journals as Winifred Virginia Jordan); she had divorced him by early 1919 and then carried on a longtime affair with the African American poet and critic William Stanley Braithwaite (1878–1962). If HPL had known of either involvement, he presumably—given his severe prejudice against African Americans—would have ceased all relations with Jackson. HPL met Jackson on several occasions, but always at amateur gatherings in the company of others: July 4–5 and September 5, 1920, in Allston, Mass., and (probably) at the NAPA convention in early July 1921 (the same convention at which he first met Sonia). There is no evidence that HPL met or corresponded with her after July 1921. Jackson’s poem “Insomnia” ( Conservative,October 1916) may have influenced the opening quatrains of HPL’s “Psychopompos” (1917–18). That issue contained “The Unknown,” as by “Elizabeth Berkeley”; the poem is actually by HPL. He later stated that this poem and another (“The Peace Advocate,” Tryout,July 1917) had appeared under Jackson’s pseudonym “in an effort to mystify the [amateur] public by having widely dissimilar work from the same nominal hand” (HPL to the Gallomo, September 12, 1921; AHT). Jackson published only two books of poetry, Backroads: Maine Narratives, with Lyrics(1927) and Selected Poems(1944).See George T.Wetzel and R.Alain Everts, Winifred Virginia Jackson—Lovecraft’s Lost Romance (Strange Co., 1976).
An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia. S.T. Joshi, David E. Schultz.
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Lillie Mae Carroll Jackson — Lillie May Carroll Jackson Born May 25, 1889(1889 05 25) Baltimore, Maryland Died July 5, 1975(1975 07 05) (aged 86) Baltimore, Maryland Nationality A … Wikipedia
Pseudonyms, Lovecraft’s — HPL used pseudonyms frequently, but almost exclusively during his years in amateur journalism and mostly for poems. In part, the pseudonyms were a means of disguising the fact that HPL was contributing more than one item to a given issue of a… … An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia
List of works by H. P. Lovecraft — This is a complete, exhaustive list of works by H. P. Lovecraft. Dates are the time of composition, not publication. Many of these works can be found on . Fiction* At the Mountains of Madness (February 22 March 1931) * Azathoth (June 1922) *… … Wikipedia
“Crawling Chaos, The“ — Short story (3,020 words); written in collaboration with Winifred Virginia Jackson, probably in December 1920. First published (as by “Elizabeth Berkeley and Lewis Theobald, Jun.”) in the United Co operative(April 1921), a cooperative amateur… … An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia
Letters, Lovecraft’s — Shortly after his death, HPL’s longtime friend Maurice W. Moe wrote: “If there is ever a survey to determine the greatest letter writer in history, the claims of Lovecraft deserve close investigation” (“Howard Phillips Lovecraft: The Sage of… … An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia
“Green Meadow, The“ — Short story (2,330 words); written in collaboration with Winifred Virginia Jackson, c. 1918 or 1919. First published in Vagrant(Spring 1927) (as “Translated by Elizabeth Neville Berkeley and Lewis Theobald, Jun.”); first collected in BWS;… … An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia
Conservative, The — Amateur magazine edited by HPL (1915–23). Rpt. (unabridged) as The Conservative: Complete (Necronomicon Press, 1976, 1977); selections as The Conservative,ed. S.T.Joshi (Necronomicon Press, 1990). The magazine consists of 13 issues: 1, No.… … An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia
“News Notes“ — Column in the United Amateur,customarily written by the Official Editor of the UAPA. HPL wrote the columns for July 1917; September 1918 (in part); September, November 1920; January, March, May, July, September, November 1921; January, March,… … An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia
“Psychopompos: A Tale in Rhyme“ — Poem (310 lines); begun in late 1917 but not completed until the summer of 1918. First published in Vagrant(October 1919); rpt. WT(September 1937). The title means “Conveyer of souls [i.e., to Hades],” a somewhat peculiar title for a poem… … An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia
“Unknown, The“ — Poem (12 lines in quatrains); probably written in the fall of 1916. First published in the Conservative (October 1916) (as by “Elizabeth Berkeley”). A weird vignette in which the narrator finds something horrifying in the face of the moon.… … An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia